Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services are the numerous and diverse benefits that people openly benefit from the natural surroundings and also from properly-functioning ecosystems. Such ecosystems contain, by way of instance, agroecosystems, forest ecosystems, grassland ecosystems and aquatic ecosystems. These ecosystems working properly supplies such matters such as agricultural produce, lumber, and aquatic organisms including fishes and fishes. Together, these advantages have become called'ecosystem services', and are frequently essential to the provisioning of fresh drinking water, the decomposition of wastes, as well as also the natural pollination of plants and other crops. Supporting services comprise services like nutrient cycling, primary production, soil formation, habitat supply and pollination.

Habitat Conservation

Habitat conservation for wild species is among the most crucial problems facing the environment today - both in the sea and on land. As human populations increase, land usage grows, and wild species have smaller distances to call house. Over fifty percent of all Earth's terrestrial surface was changed because of human activity, leading to extreme deforestation, erosion and loss of topsoil, biodiversity loss, and even extinction. Species can't survive out their normal habitat with no human intervention, like the habitats within a zoo or aquarium, such as. Maintaining habitats is vital to maintaining biodiversity. Migratory species are especially vulnerable to habitat destruction since they have a tendency to occupy more than a natural habitat. Changing a natural habitat slightly may bring about a domino effect that hurts the whole ecosystem.

Supporting services

While scientists and environmentalists have discussed ecosystem solutions implicitly for a long time, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) from the early 2000s popularized this idea. Additionally, ecosystem services are grouped into four broad classes:
Supporting services

like the creation of water and food

Supporting services

like the control of disease and climate

Supporting services

including nutrient cycles and oxygen generation

Supporting services

such as recreational and spiritual advantages

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GOOD NEWS! Beavers can stay in their Devon home

After years of uncertainty, England’s first wild breeding population of beavers for 400 years has been given the permanent right to remain in their East Devon river home.

The post GOOD NEWS! Beavers can stay in their Devon home appeared first on Kate on Conservation.

After years of uncertainty, England’s first wild breeding population of beavers for 400 years has been given the permanent right to remain in their East Devon river home.

The post GOOD NEWS! Beavers can stay in their Devon home appeared first on Kate on Conservation.

After years of uncertainty, England’s first wild breeding population of beavers for 400 years has been given the permanent right to remain in their East Devon river home.

Beavers were driven to extinction in the UK more than four centuries ago as they were hunted for their meat, fur and castoreum – a highly prized secretion used in medicine and perfumes.

The decision announced today (Thursday 6th August 2020) by Defra is a landmark one, as it signals the first legally sanctioned reintroduction of an extinct native mammal to England.

It means that the beaver population, which lives on the River Otter and is estimated to consist of up to 15 family groups, now has a secure future.

Peter Burgess, Director of Conservation at Devon Wildlife Trust, says: “This is the most ground-breaking government decision for England’s wildlife for a generation.”

A secure future for England‘s first ever reintroduced extinct native mammal

The announcement comes after the successful completion, earlier this year, of a five-year trial overseeing the animals and their impacts led by the charity Devon Wildlife Trust. 

“Beavers are nature’s engineers and have the unrivalled ability to breathe new life into our rivers and wetlands. Their benefits will be felt throughout our countryside, by wildlife and people,” Director of Conservation at Devon Wildlife Trust, Peter Burgess, explained.

“At Devon Wildlife Trust we’ve worked hard with our partners and local communities along the River Otter over the past five years to see what impact beavers have had. In that time their population has grown steadily so that they have successfully colonised nearly all of the river’s catchment.”

He added; “As their numbers have grown, so has local people’s awareness and appreciation of them. We’re delighted that these beavers have now been given leave to stay permanently.”  

Female beaver. Photo Credit: Mike Symes

In February the project published a ‘Science and Evidence Report’ overseen by independent researchers from the University of Exeter.

This concluded that the beavers’ presence had brought benefits to people and wildlife living along East Devon’s River Otter.

Key findings in the report highlighted how:

  • Other wildlife – especially fish, insects, birds and endangered mammals such as water voles – had greatly benefitted from the beavers’ presence because of the ways in which beavers enhance wetland habitats.
  • The beavers’ dam building activities had also helped reduce the risk of flooding to some flood-threatened human settlements.
  • The positive role that beavers could have in improving water-quality, with their dams acting as filters which trap soil and other pollutants from surrounding farmland.  

The report highlighted some localised problems for a small number of landowners where beavers were present, but that these had been successfully managed with support and intervention from Devon Wildlife Trust.

Stamp of approval for five years’ of ground-breaking work by Devon Wildlife Trust

In 2013, a family of beavers were found to be living on the River Otter in East Devon. The population’s origins are still unclear and at first they were threatened with removal by officials.

In 2014, with local community support, Devon Wildlife Trust and a partnership including the University of Exeter, Clinton Devon Estates and the Derek Gow Consultancy, successfully secured a license from government which would allow the beavers to stay and be studied over a five-year period.

This license established the River Otter Beaver Trial which ran until August  2020. Today’s decision that the beavers can remain permanently in their Devon home is based on evidence submitted by the Trial.

Did you know? Beavers can grow to more than 20kg and live on an exclusively vegetarian diet (they do not eat fish). Photo Credit: Mike Symes

Devon Wildlife Trust’s Mark Elliott has led the charity’s beaver work since its beginnings in 2010. He said: “Our rivers and wetlands really need beavers, and this is brilliant news.”

“Those of us involved with the Trial have seen just how critical beavers are for restoring more naturally functioning rivers, which will be so important during the ecological and climate emergency that we now face.”

What’s next for England’s beavers?

While this announcement by Defra is very welcome, it’s now vital that decisions are made on the national status of beavers that allows them to be reintroduced into other river systems in England. 

There also needs to be funding to support landowners who wish to allow beavers to restore wetlands on their land, and to assist landowners who do not wish beavers to affect their farming practices. 

“This is vital if we are to see beavers welcomed back into the English landscape after such a long absence,” Mark Elliott added.

It’s hoped that next the Government will produce a national beaver strategy which will provide a roadmap for their future across the rest of the country.

Craig Bennett, Chief Executive of The Wildlife Trusts concluded: “It’s not enough to talk about conserving wildlife anymore – instead, we need to reverse these declines and put nature into recovery, and help create robust, flourishing, fully functioning ecosystems at landscape scale once again. Beavers will play an important role in this.”

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